Rubber is a product of vulcanization of rubber, which is the main raw material used in the production of rubber compounds. Distinguish between natural rubber (from the sap of a rubber tree) and synthetic (synthesized from oil and gas). The method of vulcanizing rubber itself was discovered in 1839. Since that time, the development of the production of rubber products began.
The peculiarity of rubber is its elasticity. Under light loads, it can exhibit remarkable deformation and can store or dissipate a significant amount of energy.
Vulcanization makes it possible to obtain a cross-linked spatial structure, for which, unlike raw rubber, solubility and plasticity are not characteristic. Vulcanized rubber is distinguished by high elasticity in a wide temperature range, dynamic properties, strength and hardness.